Land Readjustment (Fujisawa)
This research project focuses on a new method called Land Readjustment (LR) in urban design in Fujisawa in Japan. In this particular sight, LR makes usage of solar panels in the roof of buildings and create a multifunctional urban space forcing a group of land owners to develop or redevelop land and changing the irregular plots of agricultural land into urban plots. The process forces and encourages each land owner to provide a proportion of their previous land holding, approximately 30% of the total land, to be used in a practical way, e.g., building roads, rail networks, parks and other public places. This action means that CO2 emission is minimized and that the public space will be more multifuntional, while also being beneficial for each land owner. In addition, because there is less leftover land, the value of the remaining land increases dramatically through this process. After exploiting the provided land, the owners of the LR project can sell the remaining parts of the unused land at the end of the scheme.
The main characteristic of japanese urban design is as a comprehensive tool to design and execute urban development. For example, it allows the construction of urban facilities in residential areas, such as parks, utilities and infrastructure, and permits dividing land into lots in a scheme zone. Also, LR can provide a flexible method to grade and size land.